The DPR and LNR «nationalization» of enterprises owned by Ukrainian companies that started on February 27, 2017, was by no means a spontaneous response to the alleged «blockade of trade with occupants» organized by certain public-political structures in Ukraine. On the contrary, this step was carefully prepared.
Kremlin had well in advance prepared detailed scheme of work of the enterprises after «nationalization». There is an evidence of it: the coal and steel industrial enterprises expropriated from Ukrainian companies were transferred immediately to the operational management of JSC «Vneshtorgservice» registered in South Ossetia. Its CEO is the former first vice-governor of the Irkutsk region of RF Volodymyr Pashkov. Obviously, he only could have agreed to it by direct order from the Kremlin.
At that time, Vneshtorgservis CJSC had neither website, nor office, nor staff (ironically, it still hasn't got a website). But Pashkov was not an accidental figure. On the contrary, he had already been playing a very important midperson role, providing a channel of financing for the fake «republics». On February 25, 2017, before the start of «nationalization», the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) reported that its agents revealed the mechanism of the LNR financing by the Russian government. According to the SBU, the «pocket" charity Fund for Support of International Humanitarian Projects «(President - Vladimir Igorevich Pashkov, citizen of Russia) had been chosen as one of the mechanisms providing the terrorists' funding while concealing Russian financing of the pseudo-republic in order to avoid additional economic sanctions against Russia.» The SBU investigators discovered that through the Russian «Center for International Accounting» non-profit organization accounts the Fund was providing wherewithal directly to the so-called «State Bank of LNR».
The «Fund for the Support of International Humanitarian Projects» founder is the South Ossetian «International Settlement Bank» registered in Joseph Stalin street, Tskhinvali. Since 2015, this institution has been cooperating with LNR authorities as a correspondent bank. In January 2017, «the head of the State Bank of LNR,» Dmytro Chaikin announced his intention to establish a processing center and said that the «negotiations are on with our correspondent bank - the International Accounting Bank of South Ossetia». What's more, the Moscow «Fund for Support of International Humanitarian Projects» and the «International Settlement Bank» of Tschinvali cooperate with the authorities of the DPR as well.
Another element of this scheme is no less important. Businesses in ORDLO start taking loans from (through, actually) the South Ossetian banks. Such activities set a «delayed-action mine». Borrowing money this way makes businesses dependent on sinister schemes, whose ultimate beneficiaries are very likely to be the RF special services. Thereefore, while the DPR and LNR exist, they are on Kremlin's hook. If the Ukrainian control is back over these territories simply signing off the debts will probably not be enough. Collectors of all sorts will appear. Besides, one cannot rule out blackmailing and other ways to keep dependent businesses.
The scheme is well-plotted and thought-out. It had been built since 2015, and became usable by late 2016 or early 2017. But the Kremlin was reluctant to apply it with no grave reasons as it would obviously caue aggravation of the situation in Donbas and could result in new international sanctions. Therefore, the «blockade of trade with the occupants» organized by some Ukrainian public and political groups turned out to be very helpful for the Kremlin. It gave the Russian authorities the reason to push the DPR and LNR for «nationalization» of Ukrainian companies declarations.